A Study of Prescribing Pattern in Patients of Hypertension


Faiziul Haq
Harinder Singh
Vijay K. Sehgal
Sanjeev Kumar
Anjleen Kaur


Introduction: Hypertension is a multi-factorial and complex disease that has both environmental and genetic determinants. It is the single most significant risk factor for heart diseases and kidney diseases. Hypertension is a leading contributor to global burden of morbidity and mortality. It is considered as a silent killer because most of the time it is asymptomatic and goes undetected. Hence, hypertensive patients should be prescribed properly. Objectives: To evaluate the prescribing pattern of anti-hypertensive drugs in patients of hypertension. Material and Methods: This was an observational, cross sectional study conducted over a period of 1 year on hypertensive patients attending the Cardiology out-patient department of Government Medical College and Rajindra Hospital, Patiala and fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The prescriptions were evaluated. Results: 22% of prescriptions had monotherapy, amongst which beta-blockers were most commonly prescribed. Majority of prescriptions had two drug therapy (47%), among which ARB+ beta blockers (17%) were most frequently prescribed. Beta blockers +CCB (9%) was the most common Fixed Drug Combination (FDC) prescribed. ARB+beta blockers+diuretics (14%) and ACEI+ARB+beta blockers+diuretics (1%) were most commonly prescribed three drug combinations. Among four drug combinations, only ACEI+ARB+beta blockers+diuretics was prescribed to 1% patients. Hypolipidemic drugs (66%) were maximally co-prescribed. Conclusions: A high trend of polypharmacy was observed in hypertensive patients. So, emphasis is needed to reevaluate the prescribing trends in these patients.


How to Cite
Haq, F., Singh, H., Sehgal, V. K., Kumar, S., & Kaur, A. (2019). A Study of Prescribing Pattern in Patients of Hypertension. International Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences, 1759–1765. https://doi.org/10.18311/ijmds/2019/23418


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