Effect of Antihypertensive Drugs on Quality of Life in Elderly Patients


Roopinder Kaur
Sukhbir Singh
Sanjay Chand
Rakesh Kumar


The use of drugs to increase human happiness and to improve the quality of life physically, mentally and socioeconomically is a serious matter of concern. Chronic disabling conditions become common in old age and affect the quality of life. Quality of life (QOL) is an important measure of health care, which measures the gap between expectations and achievements. Effect of Drug use on quality of life in elderly Indian population with hypertension was studied using Mc Master Health Index. The study population was divided into test group (hypertensive patients on regular treatment) and control group (Not on any treatment or on treatment for less than 3 months). All three parameters of QOL namely physical, emotional and social were studied using Mc Master Health Index questionnaire. The results were statistically compared using ANOVA and chi square. Our results point toward better overall QOL in patients on regular treatment.


How to Cite
Kaur, R., Singh, S., Chand, S., & Kumar, R. (2012). Effect of Antihypertensive Drugs on Quality of Life in Elderly Patients. International Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences, 9–13. https://doi.org/10.18311/ijmds/2012/18925


  1. Bennett PN and Brown MJ. Topics in drug therapy. Clinical Pharmacology 10th ed. United Kingdom, Churchill Livingstone; 2008. p. 5-10.
  2. Juchuck SJ, Brieley H, Jachuck S et al. The effect of hypotensive drugs on quality of life. JR Coll Gen Pract 1982; 32:103-105.
  3. Bulpitt C J. Quality of life in hypertensive patients. In A Amery, AR Fagard, P Lijnen, et al, editors. Hypertensive cardiovascular disease, pathophysiology and treatment. The Hague: Martinus nijhoff; 1982. p. 929948.
  4. Bulpitt C J, FletcherAE. On different antihypertensive treatments. Rational for methods employed in multicentric randomized controlled trails. J cardiovasc Pharmacol 1990; S137-S145.
  5. VanHoof R, Amery A, Fagard R et al. Quality of life during treatment of hypertensive patients with diuretics. Acta Cardiol 1990; 45:393-401.
  6. Wiklund I, Halling K, Ryden Bergsten T et al. Does lowering the blood pressure improve the mood? Quality-of-life results from the Hypertension Optimal Treatment (HOT) study. Blood Press 1997; 6(6):357364.
  7. Grimm RH Jr, Grandits GA, Cutler JA et al. Relationship of quality of life measures to long term lifestyle and drug treatment in treatment of mild hypertension study. Arch intern Med 1997; 157(6):638-648.
  8. Bansal S. Quality of life in hypertensive patients, Sexual dysfunction in hypertensive men. A critical review of literature. Hypertension 1988; 12:1-10.
  9. Shapiro AP, Miller RE, King HE et al. Behavioral consequences of mild hypertension. Hypertension 1982; 4:355-356.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>